The report: Correlates of reported gambling problems in the CALD population of Australia is released 11 February 2011
The report was prepared by Mr Matthew Stevens; Dr Kate Golebiowska and Dr Perry Morrison from the Charles Darwin University, School for Social Policy and Research.
The aim of the resarch project was to exlplore the gambling and life experiences of CALD populations and identify if there are any differences between CALD and non-CALD populations in the interrelationships between gambling problems and other items on the Negative Life Event Scale.
Survey data used for this project was from the 2002 and 2006 General Social Survey obtained from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).
The findings from the study included that the CALD population experience lower levels of negative life events (or life stressors) when compared to the non-CALD population and in fact the level of these events declined between 2002 and 2006 for the CALD population.
Problem gambling within the CALD population when compared to the general population (2006) was at significantly lower levels. In both 2002 and 2006 the non-CALD population reported gambling problems as part of a cluster of social transgression behaviour (e.g. violence, alcohol/drug use), in contrast, this was not a reported feature for the CALD population in either of these years.
However, within the CALD population, it was found that particular sub-populations could have higher rates of gambling problems especially for those people originating from New Zealand and Oceania.
The ABS define Oceania as Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia (except Hawaii). (ABS 1268.0 Standards Australian classification of Countries, 1998)
Gambling problems were found to be associated with negative life events of divorce, separation, death of a family member, knowing someone in a serious accident and mental illness. It is likely that gambling is employed as a coping mechanism for negative life events.